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Impact of Climate Change

Recent studies of climate change have identified major environmental effects, which are too often proven by weather extremes (high precipitation, floods, storms, heat waves, fires, etc.). The consequences of these events are both, ecological and socio-economical. Damaged ecosystems will affect local economies, especially forestry andagriculture. Constant weather extremes will have its affect on tourism sector which is becoming more and more important today. Change in forest and grassland composition will have significant impact on mountain species.

Impact of climate change on protected areas in the Carpathians will have drastic effect on the habitat of its flora and fauna. Climatic warming, observed in the mountain areas, has been associated with upward movement of some plant species of 1-4 m per decade, as well as appearance of many new invasive species.

Warmer and shorter winters, which are we experiencing today will have its effect on winter hibernation. As will shorter, the demand for food for these species will rise, which will affect the ecosystem equilibrium. Cases, where large carnivores (in search for food) approach human settlements will increase.

Climate changes occurred throughout the Earth’s past, but they were never so sudden and quick as current one. This gives species short time to adapt as they could. Temperature rise at current phase, will change t heir habitats. Shorter and disrupted winters in low mountain areas will disturb hibernation, increasing their demand for food. Furthermore, species, that are currently present in the protected areas and are now enjoying their protected habitat, will have to migrate or adapt in order to survive.

The impacts on species are becoming so significant that their movements can be used as an indicator of a warmin g world. They are the silent witnesses of the rapid changes being inflicted on the Earth.

Climate change will, nevertheless, impact also human activities in protected areas, mainly tourism. Direct climatic impact determines the suitability of locations for a wide range of tourist activities. Mountain forests prevent ground slides, floods, and other natural hazards, which could threat settlements, tourist resorts, water management and traffic infrastructure

Massive Carpathian mountain range is an iconic symbol of Europe. One of the continent’s prime tourist destinations, the range provides much more then a holiday destinations.

Carpathian arc is also important water origin for millions of Europeans in lowland areas. Responsibility of protected areas in Carpathians is therefore not only local, but has its effect throughout the water network.

Further preservation of these vital nature ecosystems asks for new measures and adaptive procedures.

Please read more about this topic by clicking on one of listed fields.

  1. CO2 Calculator
  2. Sustainable Tourism
  3. Ecological Construction
  4. Mobility
  5. Mitigation/Adaptation of Protected Areas to Climate Change